Poor soil quality or arid lands need to be "conditioned" to bring them back to production capabilities [ farm lands].

With the case of the silt/clay soils common to the flood boundaries of large rivers, in hot climates, the baked hard pan can be 'easily' transformed. With the aid of our charity involvement [https://www.zhro.org.uk/] we show you a very short clip of previous projects.

 

The principle is very obvious. The device carries out 2 simultaneous operations, first 600mm [2 ft] deep ripper plough, plus an intermittent shallow dish plough. This second device, creates the regular depressions, into which rainwater will collect - then seep into the deeper trench. 

ploughPart of the significance of these primary landscape components is understanding how water moves in relationship to land shape [topography]. Water is the basis of all life on earth, and the limiting factor in most agricultural production. Managing water effectively is crucial for future-proof resilient food systems.

What you notice if you get a map out is that the valleys are a small percentage of any landscape, while ridges make up the majority of the landscape. In Yeoman’s work, He observed how valleys tend to have adequate water and that ridges tend to dry out, rendering them unproductive.